Canadian Soccer Association National Game Structure
In an effort to provide a consistent model for player development across the country the Technical Committee of the Canadian Soccer Association has developed a list of recommended game structures based on the developmental age of players 18 years and under. These game structures take into consideration such things as the ideal number of players on a team, the duration of the game, the ball size, the size of the field and the size of the goal recommended for the specific age range.
In is believed that by establishing recommendations for the National Game Structure clubs and leagues across Canada will be able to work together in providing an effective environment for the development of young players. There have been numerous studies and experiments carried out in countries around the world that have proven the effectiveness of small sided games in improving young players both technically and tactically. In addition these studies have shown that the small sided game environment provides players with more touches of the ball and, therefore, more enjoyment. All the elements of the “big game” are there with numbers and field sizes adjusted accordingly to allow players to be more involved in the action.
The graduated approach to increasing a player’s experience has many benefits for players and coaches alike. Players get the chance to improve technical skills through getting more touches of the ball in each game they play. Having fewer players to be concerned with also helps the coach lead the players through the concepts of basic group tactics in an environment which allows a player to get his or her head around such ideas. While many coaches understand that children and youth players are not “small adults” it is fair to say that Canadian Soccer has been slow to provide a suitable game environment for our young players. With that in mind the Canadian Soccer Association is pleased to make the following recommendations that form the National Game Structure.
|Age Group||Game Format||Squad Size||Game Duration||Ball Size||Field Size||Goal Size|
|U6||3v3||6 max||4x8 minutes||3||28m x 18m||8ft x 4ft|
|U7 - U8||4v4||8 max||4x10 minutes||3||36m x 22m||8ft x 4ft|
|U9 - U10||7v7||14 max||2x25 minutes||4||55m x 36m||12ft x 6.5ft|
|U11 - U12||8v8||16 max||2x30 minutes||4||75m x 55m||18ft x 6.5ft|
|U13 - U14||11v11||18 max||2x35 minutes||5||FIFA Reg||24ft x 8ft|
|U15 - U16||11v11||18 max||2x40 minutes||5||FIFA Reg||24ft x 8ft|
|U17 - U18||11v11||18 max||2x45 minutes||5||FIFA Reg||24ft x 8ft|
Hanover Soccer Club has adopted the Long-Term Player Development program that has been handed down from the Canadian Soccer Association.
Long-Term Player Development (LTPD)
LTPD is a program for soccer development, training, competition and recovery based on biological age (physical maturity) rather than chronological age. It is player-centered, coach-driven and supported by administration, sport science and sponsors alike.
- Eliminates gaps in the player development system
- Guides planning for optimal athlete performance at all stages
- Provides a framework for program alignement and integration, from volunteer club coaches to national and professional teams
- Follows scientific principles and pratical coaching experiences
Benefits for players & parents
- Better understanding of what makes a good soccer program
- More players learning at their level and having fun
- Appropriate game and league structures (e.g. size of balls, goals, fields, etc.)
- More opportunity for players to realize their athletic potential
- More coaches who are knowledgeable in leading safe, effective practices
Benefits for coaches & clubs
- Information and education on effective coaching and practice methods
- Guidelines for appropriate game structures
- Guidelines for appropriate competition levels
- Established pathways for player development for all levels of ability and ambition
- Affirmation of best practices for coaches and club administrators
Benefits for all
- Competitive behaviour is fostered in players, while over-competitive behaviour is discouraged in adults (coaches and parents)
- Players, parents, coaches and administrators understand that players are unique and therefore different in interest and aptitude
- Players stay involved in the sport throughout their lives (as players, coaches, referees or club administrators)
- Soccer grows, and lifelong wellness is promoted for players of all ages, genders and levels of ability and disability
Respect In Sport
Hanover Soccer Club believes in being proactive in ensuring sport in our Club is safe and welcoming for all participants. Respect in Sport helps us promote those values through a simple and convenient on-line training course for coaches and sport leaders. It is designed as a tool to assist coaches in identifying and dealing with abuse, neglect, harassment, and bullying in sport.
Link to the Respect In Sport Course.